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A mandatory "surcharge" constitutes a part of the rate which is not covered by the basic ocean freight. Mandatory surcharges are established to cover cost items or services that are either pass-through charges (e.g. from terminals) or beyond the basic ocean transport services. These surcharges are applicable to every shipment.
Below you’ll find more information about the most frequent surcharges.
Bunker Adjustment Factor – SBF. The Bunker Adjustment Factor (SBF) is a charge to account for the fluctuations in bunker costs (oil used by the vessels) that changes on quarterly basis. Low Sulphur Surcharge – LSS. The Low Sulphur Surcharge (LSS) covers the expenses related to the usage of low-sulphur fuel with a maximum sulphur content of 0.1% used in shipments transported completely or partially across the Sulphur Emission Control Areas.
Emergency Risk Surcharge – ERS. The Emergency Risk Surcharge (ERS) covers additional costs faced by the carrier when moving cargo in dangerous regions including those that are threatened by hazards, violence or piracy. The fee will be applied to bookings that are from, to or transited through the affected areas.
Handling Charges – including Origin and Destination Handing Charges (OHC and DHC) and Import and Export charges (IMP and EXP). These charges are based on the cost of handling the container in the terminals, including, but not limited to loading and discharging containers to/from the vessel.
Peak Season Surcharge – PSS. The Peak Season Surcharge (PSS) is a seasonal fee applied during high volume shipping periods in certain trades. The fee is applicable to all shipments that move in these trades during the high volume periods.
Before 1 September 2016, Maersk Line announced container shipping rates by indicating the increase. From 1 September 2016, we indicate the new rate in full.FOR MORE INFO SEE HERE